Costa Rica, a small country in Central America, embroidered by Nicaragua to the north and Panama to the southeast, is the point of union of the two Americas. The Pacific and the Caribbean coasts are only 320km apart. This small country features an unbeatable concentration of nature, defining on each side of the volcanic mountains range and its active volcanoes of the central mountain range, a true backbone of the country.
On the one hand, the Caribbean coast and its mix of canals, mangroves, short beaches, sheltered coral reefs … On the other side, the Pacific coast, with large beaches to the northern part, and the wild Peninsula de Osa to the south, where half of the country’s biodiversity is found.
Its geographic location, its mountain ranges and valleys, and the fact that such a small area is surrounded by two oceans, give way to considerable microclimates that scheme totally unique and solitary spaces of Tropical Dry Forest and Humid Tropical Forest, arid zones and rainy areas … Since a few years from now, the climate has been changing within certain regions, with stronger and more intense rains and drier summers.
Costa Rica represents only 0.03% of the planet surface, but 5% of the world’s biodiversity. Also, 25% of the territory is protected, and the forest is increasing. It is the biological bridge between North America and South America, allowing the species of these two continental masses to meet, and allowing us to observe jaguars, coyotes and raccoons originally from the North, as well as monkeys, sloths and opossums originally from the South. A paradise where 12,000 species of plants, 860 species of birds, thousands of butterflies, more than 160 mammals and numerous fishes of fresh or sea water are gathered…